Viviani, René

(1863-1925)
   political figure
   A leading political figure during World War I, René Viviani was born in Sid-Bel-Abbés in French Algeria. As a journalist, he contributed to a number of newspapers, La petite République, La Lanterne, and l'humanité, then was elected to the Chamber as a Socialist deputy (1893-1902), then as an independent Socialist (1906-22), before helping found the Parti républicain socialiste. Minister of labor (1906-10) and of education (1913-14), he was named prime minister in June 1914 and soon ordered the general mobilization for World War I (August 1, 1914). The early French military setbacks forced him to reshuffle his government and form a mixed cabinet—the Union sacrée (théophile delcassé, aristide briand, gaston doumergue, and Alexandre millerand). Replaced in october 1915 by Briand, Viviani was named minister of justice (September 1915-17). After the war, he represented France at the League of Nations (1920-21) and was elected senator (1922).

France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present . 1884.

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  • Viviani, René — ▪ French politician born Nov. 8, 1863, Sidi Bel Abbès, Alg. died Sept. 7, 1925, Le Plessis Robinson, France       Socialist (socialism) politician and premier of France during the first year of World War I.       A member of an Italian family… …   Universalium

  • Viviani, René — ► (1863 1925) Político francés. Fue primer ministro en 1914 15 …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Viviani — Viviani, René …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Rene Viviani — René Viviani Pour les articles homonymes, voir Viviani. René Viviani …   Wikipédia en Français

  • René Viviani — René Raphaël Viviani (* 8. November 1863 in Sidi bel Abbès, Algerien; † 7. September 1925 in Plessis Robinson, Département Seine, heute Hauts de Seine) war ein französischer Politiker der Dritten Repu …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • René — (born again, or reborn, in French) is a very common given name in French speaking countries. It comes from the Latin name Renatus. René is normally, originally only a masculine name (Renée being the feminine form). But in non Francophone… …   Wikipedia

  • René Viviani — en 1912. Mandats 49e Président du Conseil 13 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • René Besnard — Parlementaire français Date de naissance 12 avril 1879 Date de décès 12 mars 1952 Mandat …   Wikipédia en Français

  • René Pleven — derrière le général de Gaulle alors que Léon Geismar l accueille à Dakar en 1943 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Viviani — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Antonio Viviani (Il Sordo; 1560–1620), italienischer Maler Cesare Viviani (* 1947), italienischer Lyriker und Schriftsteller Domenico Viviani (1772–1840), italienischer Botaniker und Naturforscher Elia… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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